The Speech Disorder is the type of the communication disorder. Another name for Speech Disorder is Speech Impairment. This type of disorder includes the communication disorder as well as language disorder.
Suffering from this disorder, the child or person cannot speak perfectly. It directly affects the speech of the person. There are some certain types of voice disorder may be also considered as Speech Disorder.
There is one of the most commonly experienced with the speech disorder is Stuttering. Other types of the speech disorder may include the Apraxia and Dysarthria. An Apraxia is the type of speech disorder which is caused by damage parts of the brain related to the speaking.
A Dysarthria is the type of speech disorder which is caused by the weakness or difficulty in movement of the muscles of the mouth, face, and respiratory system.
Speech Disorders Causes
There are so many causes of the speech disorder which are responsible for the speech or language disorder in the person as discussed below:
- Respiratory Weakness
- Muscles Weakness
- Brain Damage
- Vocal Cord Damage
- Vocal Cord Paralysis
- Polyps On The Vocal Cord
There are also some medical or developmental conditions which lead to the speech disorder as listed below:
- Oral Cancer
- Laryngeal Cancer
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
- Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), It is also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease
- Huntington’s Disease
Speech Disorders Symptoms
There are some most effective symptoms of the speech or language disorder which depend on the causes of these disorder as listed below:
speech disorders examples
- Adding Extra Sounds and the Words (speech sound disorder)
- Elongating Words
- Repeating Sounds, Which is the most common in stutter people (speech disorder repeating words)
- Blinking Several Times While Talking
- Distorting the Sounds When Talking (speech disorder distortion)
- Hoarseness, or Speaking With A Raspy or Gravelly Sounding Voice
- Making the Jerky Movements While Talking, It usually involving the Head
- Visible the Frustration When Trying to the Communicate
- Taking Frequent Pauses When Talking
Speech Disorder Diagnosis
There are so many speech disorder test available for the diagnosis of the Speech Disorder as follows:
Early Language Milestones Scale 2
This test is created by the neurodevelopmental pediatrician name as James Coplan. This test is used to the determines the child’s language development. This test can quickly check the language disorder or delay disorder.
Denver Articulation Screening Exam
This test is commonly used in the testing of the articulation disorder. With the help of this test, the evaluation of the clarity in pronunciation in the children between the age of 2 to 7 years. The duration of this test is 5 minutes, in which lots of exercises to assess the child’s speech.
Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Revised
With the help of this test, the professional can measure the person’s vocabulary and ability to speak. In this test, the person listens to the various types of words and choose the picture that describes the words.
This test is also helpful for those people who have the severe intellectual disabilities.
Speech disorders treatment
There are so many ways for the treatment of the speech or language disorder as discuss below:
There is some disorder like as mild speech disorder, they may not require any treatment. Few of them can be treated or improved by the use of speech therapy.
Normally, the treatment of these type of disorder depends upon the symptoms of the disorder. In case of speech therapy, the professional will guide you for the daily basis speech exercise. It may be your face muscle exercise and your throat.
The professional tell you for the learn to control your breathing at the speaking time. The muscles strength exercise and the control your breathing will improve the way of the words.
The professional also tells you that more practice can improve the speech disorder fast as compare to the other types of ways.
There are some people with speech disorder, Which experienced like as nervousness, depression, and the embarrassment. In these all situations, the therapy may be helpful.
The professional will always forcibly guide you about the exercise. These exercises may be like as the muscles of the face, the mouth tongue exercise and so on.
In case of Child, the chances of the treatment of the speech disorder are so high because this is the earliest stage.